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    Atopic dermatitis (AD) and food allergy (FA) are associated with skin barrier dysfunction. Skin biomarkers are needed for skin barrier interventions studies. In this study, skin tape strip (STS) samples were collected from nonlesional skin of 62 children in AD FA+, AD FA-, and nonatopic groups for mass spectrometry proteomic analysis. transepidermal water loss and allergic sensitization were assessed. STS proteomic analysis results were validated in an independent cohort of 41 adults with AD with and without FA versus nonatopic controls. A group of 45 proteins was identified as a principal component 1 (PC1) with the highest expression in AD FA+ STSs. This novel set of STS proteins was highly correlative to skin transepidermal water loss and allergic sensitization. PC1 proteins included keratin intermediate filaments; proteins associated with inflammatory responses (S100 proteins, alarmins, protease inhibitors); and glycolysis and antioxidant defense enzymes. Analysis of PC1 proteins expression in an independent adult AD cohort validated differential expression of STS PC1 proteins in the skin of adult patients with AD with the history of clinical reactions to peanut. STS analysis of nonlesional skin of AD children identified a cluster of proteins with the highest expression in AD FA+ children. The differential expression of STS PC1 proteins was confirmed in a replicate cohort of adult AD patients with FA to peanut, suggesting a unique STS proteomic endotype for AD FA+ that persists into adulthood. Collectively, PC1 proteins are associated with abnormalities in skin barrier integrity and may increase the risk of epicutaneous sensitization to food allergens. Copyright © 2020 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    Citation

    Elena Goleva, Agustin Calatroni, Petra LeBeau, Evgeny Berdyshev, Patricia Taylor, Simion Kreimer, Robert N Cole, Donald Y M Leung. Skin tape proteomics identifies pathways associated with transepidermal water loss and allergen polysensitization in atopic dermatitis. The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology. 2020 Dec;146(6):1367-1378

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    PMID: 32360271

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