Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

The study aimed to assess whether caesarean section and nonbreastfeeding can prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) in HBsAg- and HBeAg-positive mothers via a cohort study and a meta-analysis. (1) Pregnant women who were positive for HBsAg and HBeAg and did not receive antiviral treatment during pregnancy were recruited from the First Hospital of Jilin University, Maternal and Child Health Care Center of Jiangsu and Henan from August 2009 to June 2015. Infants received active and passive immunity. (2) In addition, a systematic literature search was performed in the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang Chinese databases. The retrieval strategy was [("HBV" or "hepatitis b" or "hepatitis b virus") and ("mother-to-infant transmission" or "vertical transmission")]. Studies were screened, and data were extracted. The fixed-effect model was used to analyse the studies. A total of 852 mothers and 857 newborns were enrolled. At the age of 7 months, 41 infants (4.78%) were positive for HBsAg. Multivariate analysis showed that mothers with higher HBV DNA levels (>108  IU/mL; RR = 3.03, 95% CI: 1.41-6.52) were associated with an increased risk of infection. Although there was no statistical significance, caesarean section (RR = 0.61) and nonbreastfeeding (RR = 0.88) showed a tendency to reduce the risk of infection. (2) A total of 5726 studies were identified. Together with our study, 13 were included in the analysis of delivery mode, and 12 were included in the analysis of feeding mode. The risk of infection in the caesarean section group was lower than that in the vaginal delivery group (RR = 0.58, 95% CI: 0.46-0.74). In the analysis of feeding mode, the risk in the nonbreastfeeding group was significantly lower (RR = 0.74, 95% CI: 0.56-0.98). In conclusion, caesarean section and nonbreastfeeding reduced the risk of MTCT in infants of HBsAg- and HBeAg-positive mothers who did not receive antiviral therapy during pregnancy. © 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Yu-Chen Pan, Zhi-Fang Jia, Yue-Qi Wang, Na Yang, Jian-Xun Liu, Xiang-Jun Zhai, Ying Song, Chong Wang, Jie Li, Jing Jiang. The role of caesarean section and nonbreastfeeding in preventing mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus in HBsAg-and HBeAg-positive mothers: results from a prospective cohort study and a meta-analysis. Journal of viral hepatitis. 2020 Oct;27(10):1032-1043

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 32362050

View Full Text