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The low number of oligodendrocytes (OLs) in the hippocampus of patients with schizophrenia suggests that hippocampal demyelination is changed in this condition. Sox10 is expressed throughout OL development. The effect of Sox10 on myelin regeneration is unknown. This study aimed to analyze changes in Sox10 expression in the hippocampus and its regulatory role in hippocampal myelin regeneration in a mouse model of demyelination. Mice were fed 0.2% cuprizone (CPZ) for six weeks to establish the acute demyelinating model (CPZ mice). Behavioral changes of these mice were assessed via open field and tail suspension tests. The ultrastructure of the myelin sheaths in the hippocampus was observed by transmission electron microscopy. The expression levels of myelin sheath-related proteins and the transcription factor Sox10 were detected via immunohistochemistry and Western blots. Furthermore, Sox10-overexpressing adeno-associated virus was injected into the hippocampus after establishing the demyelinating model to investigate effects of Sox10 on remyelination. CPZ mice showed abnormal behavioral changes, a large number of pathological changes in the myelin sheaths, and significantly reduced protein expression of the myelin sheath markers myelin basic protein and proteolipid protein. This confirmed that the demyelinating model was successfully established. Meanwhile, the protein expression of the oligodendrocyte precursor cell marker neural/glial antigen 2 (NG2) increased, whereas Sox10 expression decreased. After Sox10 overexpression in the hippocampus, the abnormal behavior was improved, the ultrastructure of the myelin sheaths was restored, and the expression of myelin sheath protein was reversed. NG2 expression was upregulated. Overexpression of Sox10 promotes hippocampal remyelination after CPZ-induced acute demyelination. © 2020 The Authors. Brain and Behavior published by Wiley Periodicals, LLC.


Yu Shao, Juan Ding, Qian-Xiong He, Quan-Rui Ma, Qiang Liu, Chun Zhang, Hao-Wen Lv, Juan Liu. Effect of Sox10 on remyelination of the hippocampus in cuprizone-induced demyelinated mice. Brain and behavior. 2020 Jun;10(6):e01623

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PMID: 32363773

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