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    Cerebral blood flow (CBF) has been reported to increase after shunt surgery in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). The aims of this study were to investigate if CBF, measured using the noninvasive perfusion MRI method arterial spin labeling (ASL), increased after shunt surgery, if postoperative change in CBF correlated with improvement in symptoms, and if baseline CBF data correlated with postoperative outcome. Twenty-three patients with iNPH were prospectively included and examined with MRI of the brain and clinical tests of symptoms at baseline. Eighteen of the patients were treated with shunt implantation and were reexamined with clinical tests and MRI 3 months postoperatively. The MRI protocol included a pseudo-continuous ASL sequence for perfusion imaging. The perfusion was measured in 12 manually drawn regions of interest (ROIs). In the whole sample, CBF did not increase after shunting in any ROI. Preoperative CBF in medial frontal cortex correlated with an improvement in urinary incontinence after shunt surgery, r = .53, P = .022. There were no correlations between change in CBF and change in clinical symptoms postoperatively. The clinical value of ASL in the work-up of patients with iNPH is uncertain. In this study, ASL could not predict outcome after shunt surgery and there were no correlations between change in CBF and change in clinical symptoms after shunt surgery. © 2020 The Authors. Journal of Neuroimaging published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Society of Neuroimaging.


    Johan Virhammar, André Ahlgren, Kristina G Cesarini, Katarina Laurell, Elna-Marie Larsson. Cerebral Perfusion Does Not Increase after Shunt Surgery for Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus. Journal of neuroimaging : official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging. 2020 May;30(3):303-307

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    PMID: 32374437

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