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There are eight human Src-family tyrosine kinases (SFKs). SFK members c-Src, c-Yes, Fyn, and Lyn are expressed in various cancer cells. SFK kinase activity is negatively regulated by Csk tyrosine kinase. Reduced activity of Csk causes aberrant activation of SFKs, which can be degraded by a compensatory mechanism depending on Cbl-family ubiquitin ligases. We herein investigated whether all SFK members are similarly downregulated by Cbl-family ubiquitin ligases in cancer cells lacking Csk activity. We performed Western blotting of multiple cancer cells knocked down for Csk and found that the protein levels of the 56‚ÄČkDa isoform of Lyn (LynA), 53‚ÄČkDa isoform of Lyn (LynB), c-Src, and Fyn, but not of c-Yes, were reduced by Csk depletion. Induction of c-Cbl protein levels was also observed in Csk-depleted cells. The reduction of LynA accompanying the depletion of Csk was significantly reversed by the knockdown for Cbls, whereas such significant recovery of LynB, c-Src, and Fyn was not observed. These results suggested that LynA is selectively downregulated by Cbls in cancer cells lacking Csk activity.

Citation

Takahisa Kuga, Yuka Yamane, Soujirou Hayashi, Masanari Taniguchi, Naoto Yamaguchi, Nobuyuki Yamagishi. Depletion of Csk preferentially reduces the protein level of LynA in a Cbl-dependent manner in cancer cells. Scientific reports. 2020 May 06;10(1):7621

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PMID: 32376886

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