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In an immunocompetent host, excess infiltration of immune cells in the lung is a key factor in infection-induced severe acute lung injury. Kidney transplant patients are immunocompromised by the use of immunosuppressive drugs. Immune cell infiltration in the lung in a renal transplant recipient suffering from pulmonary infection is significantly less than that in an immunocompetent host; however, the extent of lung injury in renal transplant patients is more serious than that in immunocompetent hosts. Therefore, we explored the role of platelet activation in a Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced lung injury model with P-selectin gene knockout mice or wild-type mice. Our study suggested that the inhibition of platelets reduced severe acute lung injury and increased survival after acute lung infection in mice. In addition, P-selectin expression on the surface of platelets in mice increased after administration of immunosuppressive drugs, and the extent of lung injury induced by infection decreased in P-selectin gene knockout mice. In conclusion, p-selectin plays a key role in severe acute lung injury in immunocompromised mice by reducing platelet activation and inflammatory processes. Copyright © 2020 Yang Liu et al.


Yang Liu, Du Xiang, Fang Gao, Hanlin Yao, Qifa Ye, Yanfeng Wang. The Inhibition of P-Selectin Reduced Severe Acute Lung Injury in Immunocompromised Mice. Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity. 2020;2020:8430465

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PMID: 32377309

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