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A new facile and fast approach to the synthesis of polyaniline (PANi) molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) based on aniline oxidative chemical polymerization was proposed for protein recognition. For the first time, a surface imprinting strategy was implemented for the synthesis of PANi MIPs on the inner surface of soft glass polycapillaries (PC) with a large (2237) number of individual microcapillaries. Two different PANi layers-(i) PANi film and (ii) protein imprinted PANi nanowires-were synthesized sequentially. Uniform and highly stable PANi film was synthesized by oxidative polymerization at pH< 1. The synthesis of PANi MIPs on the PANi film pre-coated surface improved the reproducibility of PANi MIP formation. PANi MIP nanowires were synthesized at "mild" conditions (pH > 4.5) to preserve the protein template activity. The binding of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) molecules on the PANi MIP selective sites was confirmed by photometry (TMB chromogenic reaction), SEM images, and FTIR spectroscopy. The developed PANi MIPs enable HRP determination with a limit of detection (LOD) as low as 1.00 and 0.07 ng mL-1 on the glass slips and PC, respectively. The PANi MIPs are characterized by high stability; they are reversible and selective to HRP. The proposed approach allows PANi MIPs to be obtained for proteins on different supports and to create new materials for separation and sensing. Graphical abstract.


Pavel S Pidenko, Sergei A Pidenko, Yulia S Skibina, Andrey M Zacharevich, Daniil D Drozd, Irina Yu Goryacheva, Natalia A Burmistrova. Molecularly imprinted polyaniline for detection of horseradish peroxidase. Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry. 2020 Sep;412(24):6509-6517

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PMID: 32388579

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