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    A family of Structural Maintenance of Chromosome (SMC) complexes is essential for key cellular processes ensuring proper cohesion, condensation and replication. They share a common SMC-kleisin architecture allowing them to embrace DNA. In SMC5/6, the NSE1 and NSE3 KITE and NSE4 kleisin subunits form a stable subcomplex that binds DNA and regulates essential processes. In addition, NSE5 and NSE6 subunits associate with the core SMC5/6 complex and recruit it to DNA repair sites. The architecture of the SMC5/6 complex is crucial for its proper functioning, and mutations within the human SMC5/6 subunits result in severe syndromes. Therefore, we aimed to analyze interactions within the human SMC5/6 complex and determine its detailed architecture. Firstly, we analyzed different parts of SMC5/6 by crosslinking and MS/MS analysis. Our data suggested domain arrangements of hNSE1-hNSE3 and orientation of hNSE4 within the hNSE1-hNSE3-hNSE4 subcomplex. The crosslinking and electron microscopic analysis of the SMC5/6 core complex showed its rod-like architecture with juxtaposed hSMC5-hSMC6 arms. Additionally, we observed fully or partially opened hSMC5-hSMC6 shapes with the hNSE1-hNSE3-hNSE4 trimer localized in the SMC head domains. To complete mapping of the human SMC5/6 complex architecture, we analyzed positions of hNSE5-hNSE6 at the hSMC5-hSMC6 arms. We showed that hNSE6 binding to hNSE5 and the coiled-coil arm of hSMC6 is mediated by a conserved FAM178 domain, which we therefore renamed CANIN (Coiled-coil SMC6 And NSE5 INteracting) domain. Interestingly, hNSE6 bound both hSMC5 and hSMC6 arms, suggesting that hNSE6 may lock the arms and regulate the dynamics of the human SMC5/6 complex. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    M Adamus, E Lelkes, D Potesil, S R Ganji, P Kolesar, K Zabrady, Z Zdrahal, J J Palecek. Molecular Insights into the Architecture of the Human SMC5/6 Complex. Journal of molecular biology. 2020 Jun 12;432(13):3820-3837

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    PMID: 32389690

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