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We previously demonstrated that a deficiency of natural antibodies against CD25, Mucin 1 (MUC1), and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1) could contribute to high risk of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study was designed to investigate whether natural IgG antibodies against POU domain class 5 transcription factor 1 (POU5F1), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and the combination of CD25, VEGFR1, and MUC1 could play an anti-tumorigenic role against developing NSCLC. An ELISA was developed in-house to examine plasma IgG against peptide antigens derived from POU5F1, TNF-α, and a combination of peptide antigens derived from CD25, MUC1, and VEGFR1 in 211 patients with NSCLC and 200 healthy controls. Mann-Whitney U test demonstrated that plasma IgG levels for the combination of peptide antigens derived from CD25, MUC1, and VEGFR1 were significantly lower in NSCLC patients than control subjects (Z = -12.978, P < 0.001) although plasma levels of IgG antibodies for POU5F1 and TNFα were not significantly changed. The in-house ELISA made with the CD25-MUC1-VEGFR1 combination had a sensitivity of 49.6% against a specificity of 95% to detect early-stage NSCLC. In conclusion, natural antibodies against the combination of CD25, VEGFR1, and MUC1 may be an effective biomarker for early diagnosis of NSCLC. © 2020 The Authors. Published by FEBS Press and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Citation

Siqi Liu, Xuan Zhang, Quanhang Jiang, Tingting Liang. Detection of circulating natural antibodies against CD25, MUC1, and VEGFR1 for early diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer. FEBS open bio. 2020 Jul;10(7):1288-1294


PMID: 32392378

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