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The tachykinin family of peptides (substance P, neurokinin A) via the neurokinin-1 (NK-1), NK-2, and NK-3 receptors is involved in many physiological/physiopathological actions. Antagonists of these receptors may be used to treat many human pathologies. This review offers an overview (from 2014 to present) of the actions exerted by NK receptor (NK-R) antagonists on emesis, pruritus, cardiomyopathy, respiratory tract diseases, bacterial infection, cancer, ocular pain, corneal neovascularization, excess of body fat/weight, conditioned fear, social isolation stress, hot flush, melanogenesis, follicle development, fish reproduction, and sex-hormone-dependent diseases. From 2014, no invention has been published using NK-2R antagonists. Although the tachykinin/NK receptor system is involved in a great number of mechanisms, to date, the use of only five NK-1R antagonists have been approved in humans but no NK-2R or NK-3R antagonist. NK receptor antagonists are safe in human trials and are potential therapeutic agents, but this potential is currently minimized. In humans, more studies on molecules acting as NK receptor antagonists and exerting a potential therapeutic action must be carried out. The antipruritic or antitumor action of NK-1R antagonists must be explored in greater depth: the highest safe dose and the time of administration (for a long period of time) of these antagonists must be well established.


Miguel Muñoz, Rafael Coveñas. Neurokinin receptor antagonism: a patent review (2014-present). Expert opinion on therapeutic patents. 2020 Jul;30(7):527-539

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PMID: 32401556

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