Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

This in vitro study aimed to evaluate the expression of cyclophilin A (CyPA) in U937 monocytic cells after coculturing with the human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) and the effect of CyPA on the augmentation of MMP-2 expression in the coculture environment. Leukocyte infiltration in gingival connective tissue is one of the major findings in the lesions of inflammatory periodontal diseases. A crosstalk between the resident gingival fibroblasts and the recruited inflammatory cells that promote the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) was proposed based on recent findings, whereas the cluster of differentiation 147 (CD147)-CyPA pathway was suggested to be involved with the crosstalk. CyPA was released into media, in the independent or transwell coculture of HGF and U937 cells, as determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, whereas intracellular mRNA expressions for CyPA and MMP-2 were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, in the transwell coculture or conditional medium models. Zymography was conducted to analyze the activities of pro-MMP-2/MMP-2 released into the media. (a) A significantly increased CyPA protein level was observed in the transwell coculture media compared with that in the independent culture. (b) The transwell coculture-enhanced mRNA expression for CyPA was noticed in U937 cells but not in HGFs. After adding with HGF-conditioned medium, the mRNA enhancement in U937 cells occurred in a dose-dependent manner. (c) Although the MMP-2 activities significantly increased after transwell coculturing, the MMP-2 mRNA enhancement was observed only in HGFs. (d) Exogenous CyPA could enhance MMP-2 activities in HGFs in a dose-dependent manner. However, the CyPA antagonist reduced the MMP-2 activities in the transwell cocultures. (e) Moreover, the CyPA-enhanced MMP-2 activity in HGF was decreased significantly by the pathway inhibitor for c-Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK). Based on the present findings, we suggest that gingival fibroblasts could enhance the CyPA release from U937 cells, via the JNK pathway, resulting in MMP-2 enhancement in fibroblasts. The finding shed light on a new mechanism of cellular interaction involving MMP-2 and CyPA, in two cells. © 2020 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Po-Jan Kuo, Chi-Yu Lin, Tzu-Ying Chen, Tsung-Fu Hung, Hsiao-Lun Lin, Hsien-Chung Chiu, Cheng-Yang Chiang, Fu-Gong Lin, Earl Fu. Fibroblast-enhanced cyclophilin A releasing from U937 cell upregulates MMP-2 in gingival fibroblast. Journal of periodontal research. 2020 Oct;55(5):705-712

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 32406527

View Full Text