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To establish a deepening of the upper eyelid sulcus (DUES) model that can be induced by prostaglandin (PG) analogues, a three-dimension (3D) tissue culture was employed. Upon adipogenesis of the 3T3-L1 organoid, the effects of either Bimatoprost acid (BIM-A), or PGF2α were examined. During the adipogenesis, organoid size, lipid staining by BODIPY and expression of the extracellular matrix (ECM) by immunocytochemistry and/or quantitative PCR were employed. The size of the organoid increased remarkably during the adipogenesis, while such increases were significantly inhibited by the presence of PGF2α or BIM-A. BODIPY positive lipid-laden cells significantly increased during the adipogenesis, while in contrast they were greatly suppressed by the presence of PGF2α. Characteristic and spatial changes in ECM expressions observed upon adipogenesis were greatly modified by the presence of PGs. Our present study using a 3D tissue culture may be a suitable strategy toward understanding disease etiology of DUES.


Yosuke Ida, Fumihito Hikage, Kaku Itoh, Haruka Ida, Hiroshi Ohguro. Prostaglandin F2α agonist-induced suppression of 3T3-L1 cell adipogenesis affects spatial formation of extra-cellular matrix. Scientific reports. 2020 May 14;10(1):7958

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PMID: 32409724

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