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    In vitro maturation of oocytes is a promising assisted reproductive technology (ART) for infertility treatment, although it is still not a routine technique for human ART due to reduced embryonic development. The aim of the present study was to clarify the possible reasons for reduced capacity of in vitro matured oocytes. Our results showed that the oocytes matured in vitro displayed increased abnormal mitochondrial distribution, reduced mitochondrial membrane potential, and increased reactive oxygen species levels when compared to in vivo matured oocytes. These results were not different in oocytes matured in vitro with or without cumulus cells. Notably, in vitro matured oocytes displayed increased mitochondrial DNA numbers probably due to functional compensation. In vitro matured oocytes showed significantly lower activation and embryonic development rates, and their ability to produce Ca2+ oscillations was much lower in response to parthenogenetic activation, especially in oocytes matured in vitro without cumulus cells with nearly half of them failing to produce calcium waves upon strontium chloride stimulation. These data are important for understanding the reasons for reduced developmental potential of in vitro matured oocytes and the importance of cumulus cells for oocyte quality. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC.


    Ang Li, Feng Wang, Li Li, Li-Hua Fan, Tie-Gang Meng, Qian-Nan Li, Yue Wang, Wei Yue, Huai-Xiu Wang, Ya-Ping Shi, Hong-Xia Li, Heide Schatten, Qing-Yuan Sun, Xing-Ping Guo. Mechanistic insights into the reduced developmental capacity of in vitro matured oocytes and importance of cumulus cells in oocyte quality determination. Journal of cellular physiology. 2020 Dec;235(12):9743-9751

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    PMID: 32415704

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