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    EBT3 films were evaluated for relative dosimetry in water, in the energy range of therapeutic kV X ray beams. A film batch was calibrated in air for all nine beam qualities of a clinical unit (XStrahl 200). Monte Carlo (MC) simulations using MCNP v.6 facilitated the calculation of the film absorbed dose (f), and beam quality (kbq) energy dependences in air. Results were found in agreement with corresponding data in the literature. Film samples from the same batch were irradiated in water along the central beam axis for each beam quality. Experimental percentage depth dose (PDD) results obtained using calibration data in air showed quality and depth dependent differences from corresponding MC simulations. These differences increased beyond film dosimetry uncertainty (<3.3%), reaching up to 8% at increased depth. The observed differences reduced only slightly when spectral variation as a function of measurement point was accounted for, using photon effective energy. PDD measurements and corresponding MC results facilitated the determination of f and kbq in water. Results showed that the origin of the observed differences between experimental and MC PDD results is the difference between film response in air and water, as a result of radiation field perturbation from the film oriented along the central beam axis. This implies a directional dependence of film response which necessitates that the angular distribution of photons impinging on the film is the same in the calibration and measurement geometries. Copyright © 2020 Associazione Italiana di Fisica Medica. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    E Prentou, A Lekatou, E Pantelis, P Karaiskos, P Papagiannis. On the use of EBT3 film for relative dosimetry of kilovoltage X ray beams. Physica medica : PM : an international journal devoted to the applications of physics to medicine and biology : official journal of the Italian Association of Biomedical Physics (AIFB). 2020 Jun;74:56-65

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    PMID: 32417711

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