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Extracellular vesicles (EV) consist of a lipid-bilayered membrane and are typically classified as small EV (sEV or exosome) or large EV (or microvesicle). sEV mediate cell-to-cell communication and play a key role in various disease states. We recently reported that plasma sEV in normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), an animal model of human essential hypertension, regulate systemic blood pressure (BP). An abnormal vascular reactivity is involved in the onset and progression of hypertension. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that plasma sEV may affect the reactivity of isolated blood vessels. sEV were isolated from plasma in male WKY and SHR (WsEV and SsEV, respectively) by precipitation with polyethylene-glycol and ultracentrifugation. The particle distribution and concentration of sEV were measured by a tunable resistive pulse sensing method. Isolated mesenteric arteries from normal male Wistar rats were cultured for 24 hr with WsEV, SsEV, or vehicle. There was no difference in particle distribution and total concentration between WsEV and SsEV. Both SsEV and WsEV had no significant effect on the KCl-induced maximal contraction, while SsEV specifically attenuated contraction induced by noradrenaline compared with WsEV- and vehicle-treatment. In summary, it was for the first time revealed that SsEV attenuate the agonist-induced contractility of isolated blood vessels, which might be at least partly responsible for the BP regulation by SsEV.


Yusei Fujioka, Kosuke Otani, Muneyoshi Okada, Hideyuki Yamawaki. Plasma small extracellular vesicles in hypertensive rats impair reactivity of isolated blood vessels. The Journal of veterinary medical science. 2020 Jul 10;82(7):897-902

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PMID: 32418937

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