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Isoprenoid pyrophosphates are involved in protein prenylation and assume regulatory roles in cells; however, little is known about the cellular proteins that can interact with isoprenoid pyrophosphates. Here, we devised a chemical proteomic strategy, capitalizing on the use of a desthiobiotin-geranyl pyrophosphate (GPP) acyl phosphate probe for the enrichment and subsequent identification of GPP-binding proteins using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). By combining stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) and competitive labeling with low vs high concentrations of GPP probe, with ATP vs GPP acyl phosphate probes, or with the GPP probe in the presence of different concentrations of free GPP, we uncovered a number of candidate GPP-binding proteins. We also discovered, for the first time, histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) as a GPP-binding protein. Furthermore, we found that the enzymatic activity of HDAC1 could be modulated by isoprenoid pyrophosphates. Together, we developed a novel chemical proteomic method for the proteome-wide discovery of GPP-binding proteins, which sets the stage for a better understanding about the biological functions of isoprenoids.


Rong Cai, Xuejiao Dong, Kailin Yu, Xiaomei He, Xiaochuan Liu, Yinsheng Wang. Chemical Proteomic Profiling of the Interacting Proteins of Isoprenoid Pyrophosphates. Analytical chemistry. 2020 Jun 16;92(12):8031-8036

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PMID: 32420730

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