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    Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a multifunctional protein which was initially described in the retina, although it is also present in other tissues. It functions as an antioxidant agent promoting neuronal survival. Recently, a PEDF receptor has shown an elevated binding affinity for PEDF. There are no relevant data regarding the distribution of both proteins in the brain, therefore the main goal of this work was to investigate the spatiotemporal presence of PEDF and PEDFR in the adult mouse brain, and to determine the PEDF blood level in mouse and human. The localization of both proteins was analyzed by different experimental methods such as immunohistochemistry, western-blotting, and also by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Differential expression was found in some telencephalic structures and positive signals for both proteins were detected in the cerebellum. The magnitude of the PEDFR labeling pattern was higher than PEDF and included some cortical and subventricular areas. Age-dependent changes in intensity of both protein immunoreactions were found in the cortical and hippocampal areas with greater reactivity between 4 and 8 months of age, whilst others, like the subventricular zones, these differences were more evident for PEDFR. Although ubiquitous presence was not found in the brain for these two proteins, their relevant functions must not be underestimated. It has been described that PEDF plays an important role in neuroprotection and data provided in the present work represents the first extensive study to understand the relevance of these two proteins in specific brain areas. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

    Citation

    Yolanda de Diego-Otero, Rosa María Giráldez-Pérez, Elena Lima-Cabello, Raúl Heredia-Farfan, Rocío Calvo Medina, Lourdes Sanchez-Salido, Lucía Pérez Costillas. Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) and PEDF-receptor in the adult mouse brain: Differential spatial/temporal localization pattern. The Journal of comparative neurology. 2021 Jan;529(1):141-158


    PMID: 32427349

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