Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Conjunctival cicatrizing conditions are vision threatening, with poor outcomes despite aggressive systemic therapy. This study tests the utility of serial injections of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) into the fornices to treat conjunctival scarring in patients with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid or Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis. Retrospective cohort study. Fisher exact test and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to compare clinical outcomes of patients who were administered 5-FU injections versus patients who were not injected. Model fit was examined for multivariable regression. One hundred twelve eyes (56 patients) met the inclusion criteria. Thirty-eight eyes (34%) had Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis, and 74 eyes (66%) were diagnosed with ocular cicatricial pemphigoid. Twenty-five eyes received ≥1 injection of 5-FU. Sixteen eyes received 1-4 injections, while 9 received ≥5. Median follow-up until last encounter was 18 months. Analysis of each disease entity alone and in combination revealed that 5-FU injections were associated with improvement in final visual acuity, corneal scarring, trichiasis, need for/number of mucous membrane graft surgeries, and severity of symblephara. Serial injection of 5-FU in the affected fornices is a promising treatment for severe vision-threatening conjunctival scarring from ocular cicatricial pemphigoid and Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis. Given the excellent safety profile of 5-FU around the eye, the solid biologic foundation for using 5-FU in this setting, and the severe risk of vision loss from these disorders, the authors suggest that serial 5-FU injections be adopted as therapy for conjunctival scarring from ocular cicatricial pemphigoid or Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis despite the limitations of this retrospective study. Copyright © 2020 The American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inc.


Nina Jovanovic, William W Russell, Curtis J Heisel, Christopher T Hood, Alon Kahana. Direct Injection of 5-Fluorouracil Improves Outcomes in Cicatrizing Conjunctival Disorders Secondary to Systemic Disease. Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery. 2021 Mar-Apr 01;37(2):145-153

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 32427724

View Full Text