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    Four new conjugates, esters of polyhydroxysteroids with long-chain fatty acids (1-4), were isolated from the deep-water Far Eastern starfish Ceramaster patagonicus. The structures of 1-4 were established by NMR and ESIMS techniques as well as chemical transformations. Unusual compounds 1-4 contain the same 5α-cholestane-3β,6β,15α,16β,26-pentahydroxysteroidal moiety and differ from each other in the fatty acid units: 5'Z,11'Z-octadecadienoic (1), 11'Z-octadecenoic (2), 5'Z,11'Z-eicosadienoic (3), and 7'Z-eicosenoic (4) acids. Previously, only one such steroid conjugate with a fatty acid was known from starfish. After 72 h of cell incubation, using MTS assay it was found that the concentrations of compounds 1, 2, and 3 that caused 50% inhibition of growth (IC50) of JB6 Cl41 cells were 81, 40, and 79 µM, respectively; for MDA-MB-231 cells, IC50 of compounds 1, 2, and 3 were 74, 33, and 73 µM, respectively; for HCT 116 cells, IC50 of compounds 1, 2, and 3 were 73, 31, and 71 µM, respectively. Compound 4 was non-toxic against tested cell lines even in three days of treatment. Compound 2 (20 µM) suppressed colony formation and migration of MDA-MB-231 and HCT 116 cells.


    Timofey V Malyarenko, Alla A Kicha, Olesya S Malyarenko, Viktor M Zakharenko, Ivan P Kotlyarov, Anatoly I Kalinovsky, Roman S Popov, Vasily I Svetashev, Natalia V Ivanchina. New Conjugates of Polyhydroxysteroids with Long-Chain Fatty Acids from the Deep-Water Far Eastern Starfish Ceramaster patagonicus and Their Anticancer Activity. Marine drugs. 2020 May 15;18(5)

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    PMID: 32429281

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