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Cancer gene panel testing requires accurate detection of somatic mosaic mutations, as the test sample consists of a mixture of cancer cells and normal cells; each minor clone in the tumor also has different somatic mutations. Several studies have shown that the different types of software used for variant calling for next generation sequencing (NGS) can detect low-frequency somatic mutations. However, the accuracy of these somatic variant callers is unknown. We performed cancer gene panel testing in duplicate experiments using three different high-fidelity DNA polymerases in pre-capture amplification steps and analyzed by three different variant callers, Strelka2, Mutect2, and LoFreq. We selected six somatic variants that were detected in both experiments with more than two polymerases and by at least one variant caller. Among them, five single nucleotide variants were verified by CEL nuclease-mediated heteroduplex incision with polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and silver staining (CHIPS) and Sanger sequencing. In silico analysis indicated that the FBXW7 and MAP3K1 missense mutations cause damage at the protein level. Comparing three somatic variant callers, we found that Strelka2 detected more variants than Mutect2 and LoFreq. We conclude that dual sequencing with Strelka2 analysis is useful for detection of accurate somatic mutations in cancer gene panel testing.


Hiroki Ura, Sumihito Togi, Yo Niida. Dual Deep Sequencing Improves the Accuracy of Low-Frequency Somatic Mutation Detection in Cancer Gene Panel Testing. International journal of molecular sciences. 2020 May 16;21(10)

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PMID: 32429412

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