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    Existing literature explores the effectiveness of bar code-assisted medication administration (BCMA) on the reduction of medication administration error as well as on nurse workarounds during BCMA. However, there is no review that comprehensively explores types and frequencies of alerts generated by nurses during BCMA. The purpose was to describe alert generation type and frequency during BCMA. A systematic review of the literature using PRISMA guidelines was conducted using CINAHL, PubMed, EMBASE, and Ovid Medline databases. After screening for inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 8 articles were identified and included in the review. Alert types included patient mismatch, wrong medication, and wrong dose, though other alert types were also reported. The frequency of alert generation varied across studies, from 0.18% to 42%, and not all alerts were clinically meaningful. This systematic review synthesized literature related to alert type and frequency during BCMA. However, further studies are needed to better describe alert generation patterns as well as factors that influence alert generation.


    Elizabeth A Sloss, Terry L Jones. Alert Types and Frequencies During Bar Code-Assisted Medication Administration: A Systematic Review. Journal of nursing care quality. 2020 Jul/Sep;35(3):265-269

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    PMID: 32433151

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