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Intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) is the most common cause of stroke throughout the world. It also increases the risk of recurrent stroke and dementia. As a complex and multifactorial disease, ICAS is influenced by multiple genetic, biological, and environmental factors. This review summarizes the candidate gene and genome-wide studies aimed at discovering genetic risk factors of ICAS. Numerous studies have focused on the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of atherosclerosis-related genes and the risk of ICAS. Variants in adiponectin Q (ADIPOQ), ring finger protein 213 (RNF213), apolipoprotein E (APOE), phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D), methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), lipoprotein lipase (LPL), α-adducin (ADD1) genes, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), and other genes related to renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system have been associated with ICAS. We review the available evidences on the candidate genes and SNPs associated with genetic susceptibility to ICAS, and point out future developments of this field. Genetic discoveries could have clinical implications for intracranial atherosclerotic disease.


Minghua Liu, Jose Gutierrez. Genetic Risk Factors of Intracranial Atherosclerosis. Current atherosclerosis reports. 2020 May 21;22(4):13

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PMID: 32440785

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