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    The research study was about revealing the biochemical response of Gammarus pulex related to insecticide methomyl before and after bioremediation by two soil bacteria species, Ochrobactrum thiophenivorans and Sphingomonas melonis. Catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase.(GST), cytochrome. P4501A1 (CYP1A1) activities in G. Pulex related to methomyl solution were investigated in 24 h and 96 h. ELISA method was used for test studies. CAT enzyme was decreased in Gammarus pulex that was exposed to methomyl after all exposure period (P < 0.05). CAT activities were returned to control results after bioremediation assays. GST enzyme activity was decreased depending on methomyl exposure during 24 h but increased during 4 days (P < 0.05). After 8 days of bioremediation period, GST activity increased again during 24 h while decreased during 4 days (P < 0.05). CYP1A1 activity increased in Gammarus pulex that was exposed to methomyl after all exposure period (P > 0.05). After bioremediation, statistically significant changes were not revealed in CYP1A1 activities (P > 0.05). According to the results of our study, CYP1A1, CAT, and GST activities in G. pulex sanctioned the capability of Ochrobactrum thiophenivorans and Sphingomonas melonis in methomyl bioremediation. Isolated and enriched Ochrobactrum thiophenivorans and Sphingomonas melonis that were added to 2.5 ppb concentrations of methomyl for 8 days. Each day, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), pH and dissolved oxygen parameters were monitored. At the final phase of the bioremediation step, it was determined that these bacteria have efficient methomyl bioremediation properties in a mixed corsortia at a rate of 86%. These results show that these bacteria can be used for bioremediate the receiving environments that are polluted by these kinds of insecticides.


    Sule Tatar, Nuran Cikcikoglu Yildirim, Osman Serdar, Gokhan Onder Erguven. Can Toxicities Induced by Insecticide Methomyl be Remediated Via Soil Bacteria Ochrobactrum thiophenivorans and Sphingomonas melonis? Current microbiology. 2020 Jul;77(7):1301-1307

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    PMID: 32462223

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