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Gingival overgrowth can occur as a result of poor oral hygiene or a side effect of taking certain medications, such as cyclosporine A (CsA). It has been shown that this immunosuppressant drug induces epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in the gingival epithelium but the associated molecular mechanism remains to be elucidated. We first assessed the relative expression of microRNA-200a (miR-200a) in response to the CsA treatment using qRT-PCR. Next, luciferase reporter assay was applied to examine whether miR-200a was able to regulate ZEB2 and Western blot was utilized to measure the expression of ZEB2 in normal human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). To confirm the significance of miR-200a and ZEB2 in the CsA-induced gingival overgrowth, miR-200a inhibitor and shRNA mediated knockdown of ZEB2 were used and cell proliferation in HGFs was assessed by MTT assay. The expression of miR-200a was dose-dependently downregulated following the CsA treatment. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed that ZEB2 was a direct downstream target regulated by miR-200a and ZEB2 was indeed increased after the administration of CsA. We demonstrated that knockdown of ZEB2 hampered the CsA-induced HGFs proliferation and the elevated cell proliferation due to inhibition of miR-200a was reversed by repression of ZEB2. Our results showed that insufficient miR-200a in HGFs caused by CsA administration may lead to gingival enlargement mediated by the upregulation of ZEB2. This finding supported that CsA-induced EMT contributed to the adverse effect of using CsA and miR-200a may serve as an upstream target to prevent the overgrowth of the gingiva. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Taichen Lin, Cheng-Chia Yu, Yi-Wen Liao, Pei-Ling Hsieh, Pei-Ming Chu, Chia-Ming Liu, Chuan-Hang Yu, Tzu-Rong Su. miR-200a inhibits proliferation rate in drug-induced gingival overgrowth through targeting ZEB2. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi. 2020 Aug;119(8):1299-1305

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PMID: 32471743

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