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    RAB7 is a small GTPase that belongs to the Rab family, and as a vesicle trafficking factor it is shown to regulate the transport to late endocytic compartments, autophagosome maturation and organelle function. In present study, we showed the critical roles of RAB7 GTPase on actin dynamics and mitochondria function in oocyte meiosis. RAB7 mainly accumulated at cortex and spindle periphery during oocyte maturation. RAB7 depletion caused the failure of polar body extrusion and asymmetric division, and Rab7 exogenous mRNA supplement could rescue the defects caused by RAB7 RNAi. Based on mass spectrometry analysis, we found that RAB7 associated with several actin nucleation factors and mitochondria-related proteins in oocytes. The depletion of RAB7 caused the decrease of actin dynamics, which further affected meiotic spindle migration to the oocyte cortex. In addition, we found that RAB7 could maintain mitochondrial membrane potential and the mitochondrial distribution in mouse oocytes, and this might be due to its effects on the phosphorylation of DRP1 at Ser616 domain. Taken together, our data indicated that RAB7 transported actin nucleation factor for actin polarization, which further affected the phosphorylation of DRP1 for mitochondria dynamics and the meiotic spindle migration in mouse oocytes. © 2020 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.


    Zhen-Nan Pan, Meng-Hao Pan, Ming-Hong Sun, Xiao-Han Li, Yu Zhang, Shao-Chen Sun. RAB7 GTPase regulates actin dynamics for DRP1-mediated mitochondria function and spindle migration in mouse oocyte meiosis. FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 2020 Jul;34(7):9615-9627

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    PMID: 32472654

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