Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • behavior (5)
  • cognition (4)
  • research (2)
  • self (9)
  • understand (2)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Mirror self-recognition (MSR) is considered a crucial step in the emergence of self-cognition. The MSR paradigm has become a standard method for evaluating self-cognition in several species. For example, Eurasian magpies and Indian house crows have passed the mark test for self-cognition, whereas efforts to find MSR in other corvid species have failed. However, no literature has conducted MSR tests on azure-winged magpies, a species of corvids. Therefore, the current research aimed to investigate the MSR behaviours of azure-winged magpies upon looking into a mirror for the first time. The study included four tests: (1) mirror preference and standardised mirror exploration, (2) single vertical mirror test, (3) mark test and (4) mirror-triggered search test. The azure-winged magpies displayed immense curiosity towards the mirror and their images in the mirror in Test 1&2. In the subsequent mark tests, they failed to recognise themselves in the mirror and regarded their images as conspecifics. Behaviour analysis showed no significant difference between marked and unmarked behaviours. Finally they seemed to infer the presence of bait from the image in the mirror, but were found to fail to understand that the location of the bait in the mirror was the same as that in the real world. For a better insight into the MSR behaviour of azure-winged magpies, research studies involving prolonged mirror exposure and training are recommended. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Lin Wang, Yunchao Luo, Han Wang, Yibiao Zou, Hanqi Yao, Sana Ullah, Zhongqiu Li. Azure-winged magpies fail to understand the principle of mirror imaging. Behavioural processes. 2020 Aug;177:104155

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    PMID: 32485232

    View Full Text