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Mycetoma and chromoblastomycosis are both chronic subcutaneous infectious diseases that pose an obstacle to socioeconomic development. Besides the therapeutic issue, the diagnosis of most neglected tropical diseases (NTD) is challenging. Confirmation using direct microscopy and culture, recognized as WHO essential diagnostic tests, are limited to specialized facilities. In this context, there is a need for simple user-friendly diagnostic tests to be used in endemic villages. This review discuss the available biomarkers that could help to improve the diagnostic capacity for mycetoma and chromoblastomycosis in a theoretical and practical perspective. A lack of research in this area has to be deplored, mainly for mycetoma. Biomarkers based on the immune response (pattern of leucocytes, antibody detection), the dermal involvement (extracellular matrix monitoring, protein expression), and the presence of the infectious agent (protein detection) are potential candidates for the detection or follow-up of infection. Confirmatory diagnosis based on specific diagnostic biomarkers will be the basis for the optimal treatment of mycetoma and chromoblastomycosis. It will be part of the global management of NTDs under the umbrella of stewardship activities.


Anne-Lise Bienvenu, Stephane Picot. Mycetoma and Chromoblastomycosis: Perspective for Diagnosis Improvement Using Biomarkers. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland). 2020 Jun 02;25(11)

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PMID: 32498471

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