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Based on the lately identified role for the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) of mouse prostate in catecholamine production, as well as the well-established role for the master coregulator metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1) in inflammation, we probed into the functional link between aberrant MTA1 expression and pathogenesis of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) using both a MTA1-/- mouse model of experimental autoimmune prostatitis (EAP) and an in vitro chronic prostatitis model in cultured murine ICCs. EAP-induced MTA1 expression was enriched in ICCs of mouse prostate. EAP resulted in a higher increase in the pelvic pain response in MTA1-/- mice compared to WT mice. Consistently, the ICCs from MTA1-/- mice produced higher levels of catecholamines upon induction of in vitro chronic prostatitis. Mechanistically, MTA1 could directly suppress the transcription of Aadc, a rate-limiting enzyme during catecholamine synthesis, in a HDAC2-depdendent manner. Importantly, treatment with AADC inhibitor NSD-1015 significantly ameliorated EAP-elicited pain response and catecholamine overactivity in MTA1-/- mice. Taken together, our findings reveal an inherent regulatory role of the MTA1/AADC pathway in the maintenance of catecholamine production homeostasis in prostate ICCs, and also point to a potential use of HDAC inhibitors and/or AADC inhibitors to treat CP/CPPS. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Zhibin Xu, Chunbo Zou, MaoMao Guo, Hao Bian, Wenchao Zhao, Jiangping Wang. Metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1) regulates the catecholamine production homeostasis via transcriptional repression of aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase (Aadc) in the interstitial cells of Cajal of mouse prostate. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2020 Aug 06;528(4):732-739

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PMID: 32522342

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