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    Carbon dots (CDs) have drawn increasing interests due to their unique optical properties and promising application in various fields. In this study, citric acid (CA) and 5-chloromethyl-8-hydroxyquinoline (LQ) were used to synthesize nitrogen-doped CDs as novel fluorescent probes using a one-step solvothermal route. The as-prepared CDs had strong blue-white fluorescence emission when excited at 405 nm wavelength with a quantum yield (QY) of 25%, behaving with high ion concentration stability. Water-soluble CDs with a 8-hydroxyquinoline structure on their surface could be used to detect Al3+ using a 'turn on' mechanism and trinitrophenol (TNP) using a 'turn off' mechanism with detection limits of 229 nM and 44.4 nM, respectively. Al3+ enhances the fluorescence of CDs by forming a coordination complex to generate a fluorescence synergistic role and limit CD nonradiative transition. TNP quenched the fluorescence with high selectivity and sensitivity, which was attributed to the inner filter effect and static quenching. These results indicated that these CDs with their unique 'turn on' and 'turn off' nature have potential application in the environmental protection field and in prevention of terrorist threats. © 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


    Feifei Zhao, Tianyi Zhang, Yu Yang, Changli Lü. A facile synthesis of multifunctional carbon dots as fluorescence 'turn on' and 'turn off' probes for selective detection of Al3+ and 2,4,6-trinitrophenol. Luminescence : the journal of biological and chemical luminescence. 2020 Dec;35(8):1277-1285

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    PMID: 32524730

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