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Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been used for therapy of colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs) several years, with considerable data confirming its safety and efficacy. However, there are few studies focusing on the long-term results of percrtaneous microwave ablation (PMWA) for CRLMs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term survival and prognostic factors in patients with CRLMs undergoing PMWA. We retrospectively analyzed treatment and survival parameters of 210 patients with CRLMs who had received PMWA in a single center from January 2010 to December 2017. Prognostic factors for survival were evaluated by means of univariate and multivariate analyses. The median follow-up time after PMWA was 48 months. The median overall survival (OS) time were 40.0 months (95% CI, 31.4 to 48.5 months), with 1-, 2, 3-, 4, and 5-year cumulative survival rates of 98.6%, 73.3%, 53.3%, 42.2%, and 32.9%, respectively. Tumor number (P = 0.004; HR: 1.838; CI: 1.213- 2.784), main tumor size (P = 0.017; HR: 1.631; CI: 1.093- 2.436), and serum CEA level (P = 0.032; HR: 1.559; CI: 1.039-2.340) were found as independent predictors of OS. The median OS time for patients with resectable lesions was 60.91 months (95% CI, 51.36 to 70.47 months), with 5-year cumulative survival rates of 53.5%. PMWA is a safe and effective treatment for CRLMs, with a favorable long-term outcome. Multiple lesions, main tumor diameter>3 cm, and serum CEA >30 ng/ml have a significant negative effect on OS. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Ltd.


Yaoping Shi, Zhenyu Wang, Jiachang Chi, Donghua Shi, Tao Wang, Dan Cui, Yan Lin, Bo Zhai. Long-term results of percutaneous microwave ablation for colorectal liver metastases. HPB : the official journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association. 2021 Jan;23(1):37-45

PMID: 32561175

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