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    The aim of our study was to analyze the treatment and pregnancy outcome of tubal heterotopic pregnancy (HP) patients with a viable intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) in our center. This was a retrospective analysis of 81 patients with tubal HP and a viable IUP. Patients were divided into either an expectant treatment group (29 patients) or a surgical treatment group (52 patients, 36 laparoscopy and 16 laparotomy). Data related to the basal clinical characteristic of all patients, rescue treatment and ectopic pregnancy (EP) rupture rate in the expectant treatment group, operation details in the surgical treatment group and pregnancy outcomes were collected and analyzed. Subgroup analyses were also performed. In the expectant treatment group, the abortion rate, EP rupture rate and rescue treatment rate were 10.34 % (3/29), 21.14 % (7/29) and 34.48 % (10/29), respectively; subgroup analysis revealed that the rescue treatment rate in patients with EP mass enlargement ≥50 % was 71.43 % (5/7), which was significantly higher than that in patients with EP mass enlargement <50 % (15.00 %, 3/20), with P = 0.011. In the surgical treatment group, the abortion rate of all patients was 15.38 % (8/52); the abortion rate was 22.22 % (8/36) in the laparoscopy subgroup, which was significantly higher than that in the laparotomy subgroup (0.00 %, 0/16), with P = 0.038. Surgical treatment is a safe treatment option for tubal HP with a viable IUP, and laparoscopic surgery may be a potential risk factor for abortion. A high risk of failure exists for expectant management of tubal HP with a viable IUP, and EP mass enlargement ≥50 % may be a potential predictor of rescue treatment. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    JinBo Li, XiaoChan Luo, JianBo Yang, ShuQin Chen. Treatment of tubal heterotopic pregnancy with viable intrauterine pregnancy: Analysis of 81 cases from one tertiary care center. European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology. 2020 Sep;252:56-61

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    PMID: 32563925

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