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Ca2+-binding properties of the following proteins, classified as members of the troponin C (TNC) superfamily have been discussed: TNCs, calmodulins (CaMs), vitamin D-dependent calcium-binding proteins (CaBPs), myosin light chains (LCs), S-100 chains, parvalbumins (PVs), oncomodulin (OCM), sarcoplasmic calcium binding proteins (SCPs), calcineurin B (CB) and calcium vector protein (CaVP). Assuming the most probable domain pairing, the Ca2+-binding constants of these proteins have been predicted from their sequences using the method presented in the preceding paper. The results are critically compared with the available experimental data. For some proteins (TNCs, CaMs, CaBPs, LCs, CB and CaVP) our predictions are consistent with the experimental results. For the others, substantial discrepancies between the predicted and measured KCa values are observed. They result from some structural peculiarities of those proteins: a unique, three-domain organization in the case of PVs and OCM, unusual sequences of binding loops in the case of S-100 and a lack of a standard helix-loop-helix organization of Ca2+-binding domains in the case of SCPs.

Citation

G Boguta, D Stepkowski, A Bierzyński. Theoretical estimation of the calcium-binding constants for proteins from the troponin C superfamily based on a secondary structure prediction method. II. Applications. Journal of theoretical biology. 1988 Nov 8;135(1):63-73

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PMID: 3256717

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