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The growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible beta (Gadd45β) protein have been associated with various cellular functions, but its role in progressive renal disease is currently unknown. Here, we examined the effect of Gadd45β deletion on cell proliferation and apoptosis, inflammation, and renal fibrosis in an early chronic kidney disease (CKD) mouse model following unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Wild-type (WT) and Gadd45β-knockout (KO) mice underwent either a sham operation or UUO and the kidneys were sampled eight days later. A histological assay revealed that ablation of Gadd45β ameliorated UUO-induced renal injury. Cell proliferation was higher in Gadd45β KO mouse kidneys, but apoptosis was similar in both genotypes after UUO. Expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines after UUO was down-regulated in the kidneys from Gadd45β KO mice, whereas UUO-mediated immune cell infiltration remained unchanged. The expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in response to LPS stimulation decreased in bone marrow-derived macrophages from Gadd45β KO mice compared with that in WT mice. Importantly, UUO-induced renal fibrosis was ameliorated in Gadd45β KO mice unlike in WT mice. Gadd45β was involved in TGF-β signalling pathway regulation in kidney fibroblasts. Our findings demonstrate that Gadd45β plays a crucial role in renal injury and may be a therapeutic target for the treatment of CKD. © 2020 The Authors. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine published by Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


Sung-Je Moon, Jae-Hoon Kim, Young-Keun Choi, Chul-Ho Lee, Jung Hwan Hwang. Ablation of Gadd45β ameliorates the inflammation and renal fibrosis caused by unilateral ureteral obstruction. Journal of cellular and molecular medicine. 2020 Aug;24(15):8814-8825

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PMID: 32570293

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