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    To evaluate the influence of light emitted from two Polywave®, LED light-curing units (LCU) on in vivo pulp temperature (PT) rise and signs of acute inflammatory response in pulps of human premolar having deep Class V preparations. Sixty intact, first premolars from 15 volunteers requiring extraction received infiltrative anesthesia. A sterile thermocouple probe was inserted within the pulp tissue through a minute occlusal pulp exposure in only 45 teeth (n = 9) to continuously monitor PT (°C). A deep buccal Class V preparation was created, and the surface was exposed to light from a commercial Polywave LCU (Bluephase 20i (20i), Ivoclar Vivadent) or from an experimental LCU (Exp) using the exposure modes (EM): 1s/Exp and 2s/Exp, 10s/20i, 20s/20i, and 60s/20i. Peak PT and PT rise values above baseline (ΔT) data were evaluated using a one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's post-hoc test (α = 5%). Teeth used for histological and immunohistochemical analyses (n = 3) were extracted approximately 2 h after exposure to the LCU. No significant difference in peak PT and ΔT values was noted between 2s/Exp and 20s/20i groups, which both exhibited higher values than 1s/Exp and 10s/20i groups (p < 0.001). Dilated and congested blood vessels were seen after exposure to 1s/Exp, 2s/Exp, or 60s/20i EMs. The expression of IL-1β and TNF-α tended to be more intense when higher irradiance was delivered. Although higher irradiance delivered over a short exposure caused lower PT rise than 5.5 °C, such EMs should be used with caution, as they have more potential to harm the pulp tissue. Copyright © 2020 The Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Dayane Jaqueline Gross, Andrés Dávila-Sánchez, Patrício Runnacles, Driellen Christine Zarpellon, Fagner Kiratcz, Eduardo Bauml Campagnoli, Luísa Fernanda Alegría-Acevedo, Ulisses Coelho, Frederick Allen Rueggeberg, Cesar Augusto Galvão Arrais. In vivo temperature rise and acute inflammatory response in anesthetized human pulp tissue of premolars having Class V preparations after exposure to Polywave® LED light curing units. Dental materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials. 2020 Sep;36(9):1201-1213

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    PMID: 32576408

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