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Plants have the ability to regenerate whole plant body parts, including shoots and roots, in vitro from callus derived from a variety of tissues. However, the underlying mechanisms for this de novo organogenesis, which is based on the totipotency of callus cells, are poorly understood. Here, we report that a microRNA (miRNA)-mediated posttranscriptional regulation plays an important role in de novo shoot regeneration. We found that mutations in HUA ENHANCER 1 (HEN1), a gene encoding a small RNA methyltransferase, cause cytokinin-related defects in de novo shoot regeneration. A hen1 mutation caused a large reduction in the miRNA319 (miR319) level and a subsequent increase in its known target (TCP3 and TCP4) transcript levels. TCP transcription factors redundantly inhibited shoot regeneration and directly activated the expression of a negative regulator of cytokinin response ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA RESPONSE REGULATOR 16 (ARR16). A tcp4 mutation at least partly rescued the shoot-regeneration defect and derepression of ARR16 in hen1. These findings demonstrate that the miR319-TCP3/4-ARR16 axis controls de novo shoot regeneration by modulating cytokinin responses. © The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email:


Woorim Yang, Myung-Hwan Choi, Bosl Noh, Yoo-Sun Noh. De Novo Shoot Regeneration Controlled by HEN1 and TCP3/4 in Arabidopsis. Plant & cell physiology. 2020 Sep 01;61(9):1600-1613

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PMID: 32579181

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