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Avocado pear pulp (Persea americana) is indigenous to Mexico. It is widely cultivated and consumed all over the world. Its oil is rich in monounsaturated fatty acids (SFAs) and can be used to replace SFAs in a diet to lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and raise high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Consumers seek healthy foods that aid in reducing metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of the best acceptable cakes supplemented with 0%, 10%, 30%, and 50% avocado on the serum lipid profile and plasma protein in rats. Twenty-five rats separated into five groups of four test groups and one control group were fed individually for 14 days, after which blood samples were withdrawn and subjected to biochemical analysis. Intake of cake supplemented with avocado pear pulp resulted in significant (Pā€‰<ā€‰.05) increment in the body weight, total cholesterol, triglycerides and HDL, and serum protein and decrement in LDL of the rats. The group fed 50% supplemented cake showed highest increase in HDL and least decrease in LDL. Cake supplemented with 50% avocado pear pulp proved to be a better supplementation in reducing serum LDL and increasing serum HDL and serum protein in rats, indicating to be a promising nutraceutical for the management of cardiovascular diseases and its associated complications.


Justina Ndirika Chikwendu, Elizabeth Anamenechukwu Udenta, Timothy Chukwuka Nwakaeme. Avocado Pear Pulp (Persea americana)-Supplemented Cake Improved Some Serum Lipid Profile and Plasma Protein in Rats. Journal of medicinal food. 2021 Mar;24(3):267-272

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PMID: 32584623

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