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    Inferior petrosal sinus sampling (IPSS) is used to diagnose Cushing's disease (CD) when dexamethasone-suppression and CRH tests, and pituitary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are negative or give discordant results. However, IPSS is an invasive procedure and its availability is limited. To test a noninvasive diagnostic strategy associated with 100% positive predictive value (PPV) for CD. Retrospective study. Two university hospitals. A total of 167 patients with CD and 27 patients with ectopic ACTH-syndrome investigated between 2001 and 2016. Performance of a strategy involving the CRH and desmopressin tests with pituitary MRI followed by thin-slice whole-body computed tomography (CT) scan in patients with inconclusive results. Using thresholds of a cortisol increase > 17% with an ACTH increase > 37% during the CRH test and a cortisol increase > 18% with an ACTH increase > 33% during the desmopressin test, the combination of both tests gave 73% sensitivity and 98% PPV of CD. The sensitivity and PPV for pituitary MRI were 71% and 99%, respectively. CT scan identified 67% EAS at presentation with no false-positives. The PPV for CD was 100% in patients with positive responses to both tests, with negative pituitary MRI and CT scan. The Negative Predictive Value was 100% in patients with negative responses to both tests, with negative pituitary MRI and positive CT scan. Using this strategy, IPPS could have been avoided in 47% of patients in whom it is currently recommended. In conjunction with expert radiologic interpretation, the non-invasive algorithm studied significantly reduces the need for IPSS in the investigation of ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome. © Endocrine Society 2020. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

    Citation

    Caroline Frete, Jean-Benoît Corcuff, Emmanuelle Kuhn, Sylvie Salenave, Delphine Gaye, Jacques Young, Philippe Chanson, Antoine Tabarin. Non-invasive Diagnostic Strategy in ACTH-dependent Cushing's Syndrome. The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. 2020 Oct 01;105(10)

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    PMID: 32594169

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