Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Juxtaglomerular cells are crucial for blood pressure and fluid-electrolyte homeostasis. The factors that maintain the life of renin cells are unknown. In vivo, renin cells receive constant cell-to-cell, mechanical, and neurohumoral stimulation that maintain their identity and function. Whether the presence of this niche is crucial for the vitality of the juxtaglomerular cells is unknown. Integrins are the largest family of cell adhesion molecules that mediate cell-to-cell and cell-to-matrix interactions. Of those, β1-integrin is the most abundant in juxtaglomerular cells. However, its role in renin cell identity and function has not been ascertained. To test the hypothesis that cell-matrix interactions are fundamental not only to maintain the identity and function of juxtaglomerular cells but also to keep them alive, we deleted β1-integrin in vivo in cells of the renin lineage. In mutant mice, renin cells died by apoptosis, resulting in decreased circulating renin, hypotension, severe renal-vascular abnormalities, and renal failure. Results indicate that cell-to-cell and cell-to-matrix interactions via β1-integrin is essential for juxtaglomerular cells survival, suggesting that the juxtaglomerular niche is crucial not only for the tight regulation of renin release but also for juxtaglomerular cell survival-a sine qua non condition to maintain homeostasis.


Tahagod H Mohamed, Hirofumi Watanabe, Rajwinderjit Kaur, Brian C Belyea, Patrick D Walker, R Ariel Gomez, Maria Luisa S Sequeira-Lopez. Renin-Expressing Cells Require β1-Integrin for Survival and for Development and Maintenance of the Renal Vasculature. Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979). 2020 Aug;76(2):458-467

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 32594804

View Full Text