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Avian leukosis (AL) is one of the most pandemic immunosuppressive diseases and has been widely spread between 2006 and 2009 in China. The contamination of avian leukosis virus (ALV) in attenuated vaccine is considered as one of the possible transmission routes of this disease. Based on a retrospective survey of 918 batches of attenuated vaccine produced before 2010, three of them were identified as ALV-positive and corresponding ALV strains were successfully isolated from a live Fowlpox virus vaccine, a live Newcastle disease virus vaccine and a live Infectious Bursal Disease virus vaccine, respectively, and whole-genome sequencing showed that these three isolates shared the highest homology with ALV-A wild strains isolated in China (97.7%) over the same period, and the phylogenetic analysis based on their gp85 genes further confirmed that they belong to subgroup A. Meanwhile, although these three ALV-A strains isolated from contaminated vaccines shared a close genetic relationship, their U3 region of genome have a relatively low identity, suggesting that these three strains may have different sources. This study reminds us once again that the possibility of ALV infecting chickens through contaminated live vaccines, requiring us to carry out stricter exogenous virus monitoring in vaccines. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Yaqing Mao, Qi Su, Junping Li, Taozhen Jiang, Yixin Wang. Avian leukosis virus contamination in live vaccines: A retrospective investigation in China. Veterinary microbiology. 2020 Jul;246:108712

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PMID: 32605749

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