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RBM5 acts as a tumor suppressor gene in lung and breast cancers; however, its role in the pathogenesis of medulloblastoma (MB) remains unclear. We previously identified 4 RBM5 mutations in whole exome sequencing analysis of 40 MB patients. This study examined the role of RBM5 in MB progression. The expression patterns of RBM5 in tissues of 40 MB patients were analyzed using immunohistochemistry. Associations between RBM5 expression and overall survival (OS) were evaluated using Kaplan-Meier analysis. The RBM5 role in Daoy cells' proliferation, migration, and Wnt/β-catenin signaling was analyzed after RBM5 knockdown and overexpression. The expression level of RBM5 mRNA and protein was significantly lower in MB than that in adjacent normal control tissues, and low RBM5 expression was significantly associated with reduced OS (p = 0.034). RBM5 knockdown induced Daoy and ONS-76 cells proliferation, while RBM5 overexpression repressed cell proliferation and migration in vitro (all p < 0.05). β-Catenin, LEF1, and cyclin D1 mRNA levels were upregulated, while DKK1 expression was downregulated in Daoy cells following RBM5 knockdown. RBM5 may function as a tumor suppressor in MB by regulating Wnt/β-catenin signaling, and its reduced expression is associated with lower OS. © 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Citation

Jianzhong Yu, Guangchun Ji, Wei Shi, Rui Zhao, Wenjun Shen, Jicui Zheng, Hao Li, Fei Jiang. RBM5 Acts as Tumor Suppressor in Medulloblastoma through Regulating Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling. European neurology. 2020;83(3):242-250

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PMID: 32610314

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