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    The objectives of this study were (1) to evaluate the computational feasibility of the multitrait test-day single-step SNP-BLUP (ssSNP-BLUP) model using phenotypic records of genotyped and nongenotyped animals, and (2) to compare accuracies (coefficient of determination; R2) and bias of genomic estimated breeding values (GEBV) and de-regressed proofs as response variables in 3 Australian dairy cattle breeds (i.e., Holstein, Jersey, and Red breeds). Additive genomic random regression coefficients for milk, fat, protein yield and somatic cell score were predicted in the first, second, and third lactation. The predicted coefficients were used to derive 305-d GEBV and were compared with the traditional parent averages obtained from a BLUP model without genomic information. Cow fertility traits were evaluated from the 5-trait repeatability model (i.e., calving interval, days from calving to first service, pregnancy diagnosis, first service nonreturn rate, and lactation length). The de-regressed proofs were only for calving interval. Our results showed that ssSNP-BLUP using multitrait test-day model increased reliability and reduced bias of breeding values of young animals when compared with parent average from traditional BLUP in Australian Holsten, Jersey, and Red breeds. The use of a custom selection of approximately 46,000 SNP (custom XT SNP list) increased the reliability of GEBV compared with the results obtained using the commercial Illumina 50K chip (Illumina, San Diego, CA). The use of the second preconditioner substantially improved the convergence rate of the preconditioned conjugate gradient method, but further work is needed to improve the efficiency of the computation of the Kronecker matrix product by vector. Application of ssSNP-BLUP to multitrait random regression models is computationally feasible. Copyright © 2020 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    K V Konstantinov, M E Goddard. Application of multivariate single-step SNP best linear unbiased predictor model and revised SNP list for genomic evaluation of dairy cattle in Australia. Journal of dairy science. 2020 Sep;103(9):8305-8316

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    PMID: 32622609

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