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The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression level of EphA3 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) and its effect on the proliferative capacity of NPC. Meanwhile, the underlying mechanism by which EphA3 prompts NPC malignant progression was further explored. In this study, the expression of EphA3 in 42 pairs of tumor tissue specimens and paracancerous ones collected from NPC patients was detected by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR), and the interplay between EphA3 expression and clinical indicators, as well as prognosis of NPC patients was analyzed. Meanwhile, qRT-PCR was also applied to further verify EphA expression in NPC cell lines. In addition, EphA knockdown model was constructed in NPC cell lines, CNE2, and 6-10B, and the impacts of EphA on NPC cell functions was assessed through Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), cell colony formation, as well as 5-Ethynyl-2'- deoxyuridine (EdU) assays. Finally, a potential interplay between EphA3 and FOG2 was also investigated. In this study, qRT-PCR results revealed that EphA3 expression levels in tumor tissues of patients with NPC were markedly higher than those in adjacent tissues. Compared with patients with low expression of EphA3, those with highly expressed EphA3 had a more advanced pathological stage. In addition, in vitro experiments showed that knocking down EphA3 notably attenuated the proliferation capacity of NPC cells. Subsequently, it was found that the expression of FOG2 in NPC cells was remarkably decreased both in NPC cell lines and tissues, which had a negative correlation with EphA3. Finally, cell recovery experiment revealed a mutual regulation between EphA3 and FOG2, which then together affected the malignant progression of NPC. EphA3 is significantly relevant to pathological staging and poor prognosis of patients with NPC and may enhance the proliferation ability of NPC cells by modulating FOG2.


Z Song, S Gao, Y-M Liu, Y Wang, Z-X Sun, D Bao, C Liu. EphA3 promotes the proliferation of NPC cells through negatively regulating the ability of FOG2. European review for medical and pharmacological sciences. 2020 Jun;24(12):6735-6743

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PMID: 32633364

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