Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • ARDS (4)
  • Daedalus (1)
  • dead (3)
  • distress (2)
  • humans (1)
  • odds ratio (2)
  • partial (2)
  • patients (1)
  • research (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    The ratio of end-tidal CO2 pressure to arterial partial pressure of CO2 ([Formula: see text]) was recently suggested for monitoring pulmonary gas exchange in patients with ARDS associated with COVID-19, yet no evidence was offered supporting that claim. Therefore, we evaluated whether [Formula: see text] might be relevant in assessing ARDS not associated with COVID-19. We evaluated the correspondence between [Formula: see text] and the ratio of dead space to tidal volume (VD/VT) measured in 561 subjects with ARDS from a previous study in whom [Formula: see text] data were also available. Subjects also were analyzed according to 4 ranges of [Formula: see text] representing increasing illness severity (≥ 0.80, 0.6-0.79, 0.50-0.59, and < 0.50). Correlation was assessed by either Pearson or Spearman tests, grouped comparisons were assessed using either ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis tests and dichotomous variables assessed by Fisher Exact tests. Normally distributed data are presented as mean and standard deviation(SD) and non-normal data are presented as median and inter-quartile range (IQR). Overall mortality risk was assessed with multivariate logistic regression. Alpha was set at 0.05. [Formula: see text] correlated strongly with VD/VT (r = -0.87 [95% CI -0.89 to -0.85], P < .001). Decreasing [Formula: see text] was associated with increased VD/VT and hospital mortality between all groups. In the univariate analysis, for every 0.01 decrease in [Formula: see text], mortality risk increased by ∼1% (odds ratio 0.009, 95% CI 0.003-0.029, P < .001) and maintained a strong independent association with mortality risk when adjusted for other variables (odds ratio 0.19, 95% CI 0.04-0.91, P = .039). [Formula: see text] < 0.50 was characterized by very high mean ± SD value for VD/VT (0.82 ± 0.05, P < .001) and high hospital mortality (70%). Using [Formula: see text] as a surrogate for VD/VT may be a useful and practical measurement for both management and ongoing research into the nature of ARDS. Copyright © 2021 by Daedalus Enterprises.


    Richard H Kallet, Michael S Lipnick. End-Tidal-to-Arterial PCO2 Ratio as Signifier for Physiologic Dead-Space Ratio and Oxygenation Dysfunction in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Respiratory care. 2021 Feb;66(2):263-268

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 32636278

    View Full Text