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The members of Streptomyces have been identified as a major source of antimicrobial agents with broad spectrum. This study is mainly focused on bioactivity-guided isolation and characterization of bioactive molecule from strain Streptomyces sp. T1317-0309 and its whole-genome sequence analysis for possible isolation of novel natural products. Strain Streptomyces sp. T1317-0309 showed 100% sequence similarity with strain Streptomyces lannensis TA4-8T consisting 10, 453,255 bp of genome with 5 scaffolds and 69.9 mol% G + C content. The genome analyses revealed a total of 17 putative biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) responsible for various secondary metabolites including actinomycin, bacteriocin, ectoine, melanin, terpene, siderophore, betalactone, NRPS, T2PKS, and T3PKS. The BGC and bioactivity-guided purification of ethyl acetate extract of strain T1317-0309 showed the great potency of antimicrobial activities against various gram-positive multi-drug resistant human pathogens including MRSA. The BGC-predicted bioactive secondary metabolite was identified by various NMR analyses and confirmed as actinomycin D. In addition, this study reveals the first genome study of Streptomyces lannensis as a novel source for actinomycin D.

Citation

Ram Hari Dahal, Tuan Manh Nguyen, Ramesh Prasad Pandey, Tokutaro Yamaguchi, Jae Kyung Sohng, Jongsung Noh, Seung-Woon Myung, Jaisoo Kim. The genome insights of Streptomyces lannensis T1317-0309 reveals actinomycin D production. The Journal of antibiotics. 2020 Dec;73(12):837-844

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PMID: 32641781

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