Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Renal fibrosis is a major factor in the progression of chronic kidney disease and the final common pathway of kidney injury. Therefore, the effective therapies against renal fibrosis are urgently needed. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of Am80, a synthetic retinoic acid receptor (RAR) agonist, in the treatment of renal interstitial fibrosis using unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) mice. The findings indicate that Am80 treatment suppressed renal fibrosis and inflammation to the same degree as the naturally-occuring retinoic acid, all-trans retinoic acid (atRA). But the adverse effect of body weight loss in Am80-treated mice was lower compared to the atRA treatment. The hepatic mRNA levels of alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP), a downstream molecule of RAR agonist, was increased following administration of Am80 to healthy mice. In addition, increased AGP mRNA expression was also observed in HepG2 cells and THP-1-derived macrophages that had been treated with Am80. AGP-knockout mice exacerbated renal fibrosis, inflammation and macrophage infiltration in UUO mice, indicating endogenous AGP played an anti-fibrotic and anti-inflammatory role during the development of renal fibrosis. We also found that no anti-fibrotic effect of Am80 was observed in UUO-treated AGP-knockout mice whereas atRA treatment tended to show a partial anti-fibrotic effect. These collective findings suggest that Am80 protects against renal fibrosis via being involved in AGP function.


Hiroshi Watanabe, Jing Bi, Ryota Murata, Rui Fujimura, Kento Nishida, Tadashi Imafuku, Yuka Nakamura, Hitoshi Maeda, Ayumi Mukunoki, Toru Takeo, Naomi Nakagata, Yuki Kurauchi, Hiroshi Katsuki, Motoko Tanaka, Kazutaka Matsushita, Masafumi Fukagawa, Toru Maruyama. A synthetic retinoic acid receptor agonist Am80 ameliorates renal fibrosis via inducing the production of alpha-1-acid glycoprotein. Scientific reports. 2020 Jul 10;10(1):11424

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 32651445

View Full Text