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Phosphodiesterase 5A1 (PDE5) is a key target for treating cardiovascular diseases and erectile dysfunction. Here, we report the crystal structure of PDE5 complexed with the sole second generation drug avanafil. Analysis of protein-drug interactions revealed the structural basis of avanafil's superior isoform selectivity. Moreover, a halogen bonding was observed between avanafil and a backbone carbonyl oxygen of an adjacent α-helix, whose contribution to inhibitory potency illustrates the feasibility of exploiting α-helix backbone in structure-based drug design.


Chao-Ming Hsieh, Chun-Yi Chen, Ji-Wang Chern, Nei-Li Chan. Structure of Human Phosphodiesterase 5A1 Complexed with Avanafil Reveals Molecular Basis of Isoform Selectivity and Guidelines for Targeting α-Helix Backbone Oxygen by Halogen Bonding. Journal of medicinal chemistry. 2020 Aug 13;63(15):8485-8494

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PMID: 32663396

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