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Ubiquinone is an important component of the electron transfer chains in proteobacteria and eukaryotes. The biosynthesis of ubiquinone requires multiple steps, most of which are common to bacteria and eukaryotes. Whereas the enzymes of the mitochondrial pathway that produces ubiquinone are highly similar across eukaryotes, recent results point to a rather high diversity of pathways in bacteria. This review focuses on ubiquinone in bacteria, highlighting newly discovered functions and detailing the proteins that are known to participate to its biosynthetic pathways. Novel results showing that ubiquinone can be produced by a pathway independent of dioxygen suggest that ubiquinone may participate to anaerobiosis, in addition to its well-established role for aerobiosis. We also discuss the supramolecular organization of ubiquinone biosynthesis proteins and we summarize the current understanding of the evolution of the ubiquinone pathways relative to those of other isoprenoid quinones like menaquinone and plastoquinone. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Sophie Saphia Abby, Katayoun Kazemzadeh, Charles Vragniau, Ludovic Pelosi, Fabien Pierrel. Advances in bacterial pathways for the biosynthesis of ubiquinone. Biochimica et biophysica acta. Bioenergetics. 2020 Nov 01;1861(11):148259

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PMID: 32663475

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