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    Gamete fusion is an indispensable process for bearing offspring. In mammals, sperm IZUMO1-oocyte JUNO recognition essentially carries out the primary step of this process. In oocytes, CD9 is also known to play a crucial role in gamete fusion. In particular, microvilli biogenesis through CD9 involvement appears to be a key event for successful gamete fusion, because CD9-disrupted oocytes produce short and sparse microvillous structures, resulting in almost no fusion ability with spermatozoa. In order to determine how CD9 and JUNO cooperate in gamete fusion, we analyzed the molecular profiles of each molecule in CD9- and JUNO-disrupted oocytes. Consequently, we found that CD9 is crucial for the exclusion of GPI-anchored proteins, such as JUNO and CD55, from the cortical actin cap region, suggesting strict molecular organization of the unique surface of this region. Through distinct surface compartmentalization due to CD9 governing, GPI-anchored proteins are confined to the appropriate fusion site of the oocyte. © 2020. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.


    Naokazu Inoue, Takako Saito, Ikuo Wada. Unveiling a novel function of CD9 in surface compartmentalization of oocytes. Development (Cambridge, England). 2020 Aug 14;147(15)

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    PMID: 32665248

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