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A novel series of pyrazoles and pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidines bearing benzothiazole moiety were designed and synthesized. Chemical structures were confirmed by spectral data and elemental analyses. Nine compounds were selected and screened for their cytotoxic activity at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), USA against 60 cancer cell lines in a single dose assay. Compounds 4 and 5 exerted the most potent growth inhibitory activity against most cancer cell lines with growth inhibition (GI%) ranges from 44.86% to 84.59% and 31.20% to 52.36%, respectively. Consequently, they were further investigated through IC50 determination using five dose MTT colorimetric assay against three sensitive cell lines, leukemia CCRF-CEM, non-small cell lung cancer HOP-92 and liver cancer Hep-G2. Compound 4 exhibited potent cytotoxic activity against the three tested cell lines with IC50 16.34, 3.45 and 7.79 μM, respectively representing half potency, 3.5 folds potency and nearly equipotent to roscovitine. To investigate its mechanism of action, cell cycle analysis of compound 4 was conducted and showed that it induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase and apoptosis in HOP-92 cells. In correlation with the previous results, caspase-3 activation was tested and illustrated elevation in its concentration by nearly 14 folds than control. Besides, enzyme inhibition assay of compound 4 was evaluated towards two common antitumor targets namely KDM1 and CDK1 showing significant inhibitory activity with IC50 0.096 and 0.078 μM, respectively. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Ebtehal M Husseiny. Synthesis, cytotoxicity of some pyrazoles and pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidines bearing benzothiazole moiety and investigation of their mechanism of action. Bioorganic chemistry. 2020 Sep;102:104053

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PMID: 32673889

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