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Maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 3 (MODY3) is caused by mutations in a gene encoding transcription factor hepatocyte nuclear factor 1-alpha (HNF1A). Although the roles of HNF1A in regulation of hepatic and pancreatic genes to maintain glucose homeostasis were investigated, the functions of HNF1A are not completely elucidated. To better understand the functions of HNF1A, we characterized mutations of HNF1A in Thai MODY3 patients and studied the functions of wild-type HNF1A and variant proteins. We demonstrate for the first time that HNF1A upregulates transactivation of an anti-apoptotic gene BCL2 Like 1 (BCL2L1) and that all the identified HNF1A variants including p.D80V, p.R203C, p.P475L, and p.G554fsX556, reduce this ability. The four HNF1A variants impair HNF1A function in promoting INS-1 cell transition from G1 to S phase of cell cycle, which thereby retard cell growth. This finding indicates the role of HNF1A in beta-cell viability by upregulation of anti-apoptotic gene expression and also reaffirms its role in beta-cell growth through cell cycle control. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Jatuporn Sujjitjoon, Chutima Charoensuk, Thanita Thanyaphon, Suwattanee Kooptiwut, Prapaporn Jungtrakoon Thamtarana, Watip Tangjittipokin, Nalinee Chongjaroen, Chutima Chanprasert, Zuroida Abubakar, Sorravis Lapbenjakul, Pa-Thai Yenchitsomanus, Nattachet Plengvidhya. Defective functions of HNF1A variants on BCL2L1 transactivation and beta-cell growth. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2020 Aug 27;529(3):826-833

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PMID: 32684311

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